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Abstracts from JASIS&T
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JASIS&T v. 56 (1)
F. T., & Martin, J. E. (2005). Towards an alternative notion of
information systems ontologies: Information engineering as a
hermeneutic enterprise, (46-57).
In this paper we discuss the construction of information systems
ontologies. In this context, we develop an argument for a
hermeneutic approach to ontologies based on the philosophy of
science literature. This shows the relevance of hermeneutics to the
creation of information system ontologies. The problems associated
with understanding and creating information systems ontologies can
be addressed fruitfully only if one begins by acknowledging that
databases are mechanisms for communication involving judgments and
interpretations by intelligent and knowledgeable users.
The main contribution of this paper is that information science and
technology practitioners interested in the construction of
ontologies should take into consideration a perspective of the
philosophy and history of science.
In this paper we address the discussion of ontologies and
information systems from a high-level perspective giving some
principles that can be used as foundations of a hermeneutic ontology
editor. Practical methods to solve differences and fuse horizons in
the process of building ontologies are still an ongoing work.
v. 56 (4)
Allison, A., Currall, J., Moss, M. & Stuart, S.
(2005). Digital identity matters, (364-372).
and Results: What
identifies a digital object and what criteria are needed to
reidentify it at some time in the future?
We compare the digital situation to the physical world of
paper with which we are all familiar and show how much of what
provides us with surety is as much to do with processes and cultural
mechanisms as it is with physical characteristics. Our conclusions
are that this issue cannot be satisfactorily resolved purely by
reference to characteristics of the bit stream, but the context and
culture that will be built up around digital objects over an
extended period of time.
careful decomposition of the problem, examining the logic of
identity, types and tokens, the role of a variety of intermediaries,
the fact that we don't experience digital objects directly but do so
through the agency of computers and software and the lack of clear
boundedness of many digital objects.
work does not, as yet, provide clear solutions but does indicate the
direction in which we should look for them.
Lin, S-J. & Belkin, N. (2005). Validation of a model of information seeking over multiple search sessions, (393-415).
The study validated the sufficiency and accuracy of a conceptual
model (MISE) in characterizing successive searches over multiple
search sessions. The
result found that the original MISE model is highly accurate but
less sufficient in the sense that all factors in the MISE model were
empirically confirmed, but new factors were identified as well.
The original MISE model was revised, shifting from the user-centered
to the interaction-centered perspective and taking into account
factors of searcher, system, search activity, search context,
information attainment and information use activities. The new
classes of variables were defined and explained.
The study was exploratory in nature. The size of subjects was small
and the constituency of subjects was homogeneous. A larger pool of
more heterogeneous subjects could be necessary to draw a more valid
Lin, S-J. (2005) Internetworking of factors affecting successive
searches over multiple episodes, (416-436).
The study enhanced the descriptive power of the
revised MISE model in characterizing successive searches
by depicting the relationship among the factors in the model based
on empirical evidence. It also increased the explanatory power of
the revised MISE model by demonstrating how the key
information-seeking-process factors have evolved over sessions and
are affected by other factors in the MISE model.
First, the findings helped reinforce the proposition of the MISE
model that successive searches should be considered as
problem-centered rather than stage-centered. Although information
seeking in general is a knowledge-construction process, many
information problems could be subordinated to the same leading
search goal, and the increase of knowledge in one subtopic does not
necessarily help the searches for a different information problem
under the same leading search goal.
Second, the revised MISE model can serve as a framework in
evaluating the interfaces to information systems.
The connection of different evaluation criteria to the
different MISE factors was explained.
Limitations: More research on the search tasks with different degrees of complexity and abstractness may be necessary to further confirm the validity.
Copyright © 2005, American Society for Information Science and Technology