Bulletin, June/July 2007


  Reflections on the Development of the Model of the Information Search Process (ISP): Excerpts from the Lazerow
  Lecture, University of Kentucky, April 2, 2007

   by Carol Collier Kuhlthau

FIGURE 1.  Progression and Development of Kuhlthau's Information Search Process

Date Title of Selected Research Reports Significance
1985 A Process Approach to Library Skills Instruction.  School Library Media Quarterly, 13 (1), 35-40 First study of the ISP with 25 HS students
1985 An Emerging Theory of Library Instruction.  School Library Media Quarterly, 16 (1), 23-28. Process is important in teaching research
1988 Perceptions of the Information Search Process in Libraries: A Study of Changes from High School Through College.  Information Processing & Management, 24 (4), 419-427. Transference of skills from high school to college: a survey study
1988 Longitudinal Case Studies of the Information Search Process of Users in Libraries.  Library and Information Science Research, 10 (3), 257-304. In depth case study of six students from high school through college
1988 Meeting the Information Needs of Children and Young Adults: Basing Library Media Programs on Developmental States.  Journal of Youth Services in Libraries, 2 (1), 51-57. Connecting cognitive-development stages to learning in libraries
1989 The Information Search Process of High-, Middle-, and Low-Achieving High School Seniors. School Library Media Quarterly, 17 (4), 224-228.  Large scale examination of the ISP high school seniors
1989 Information Search Process: A Summary of Research and Implications for School Library Media Programs. School Library Media Quarterly, 18 (5), 19-25.  Practical application using the model of the ISP in schools
1990 Validating A Model of the Search Process: A Comparison of Academic, Public, and School Library Users. Library and Information Science Research, 12 (1), 5-32.  Confirmation of the ISP in various types of libraries
With Turock, George and Belvin
1991 Inside the Search Process: Information Seeking from the User's Perspective. Journal of the American Society for Information Science, 42 (5), 361-371.  Highly cited article on cognitive and affective aspect of information seeking
1993 Implementing a Process Approach to Information Skills: A Study Identifying Indicators of Success in Library Media Programs. School Library Media Quarterly, 22 (1), 11-18.  Identified inhibitors and enablers of implementing the ISP in K-12 contexts
1993 A Principle of Uncertainty for Information Seeking. Journal of Documentation, 49 (4), 339-355.  Explanation of the impact of emotion on the ISP
1994 Students and the Information Search Process: Zones of Intervention for Librarians. In Advances in Librarianship, Academic Press, 57-72. Introduction of critical moments where students need assistance and guidance
1996 The Concept of a Zone of Intervention for Identifying the Role of Intermediaries in the Information Search Process. Proceedings of the American Society for Information Science Annual Meeting, 367-376.  Develops notion of a “Zone of Intervention” for library and information services
1997 Learning in Digital Libraries: An Information Search Process Approach. Library Trends, 45 (4), 707-723.  Information technology and the ISP, the problem of seeking meaning from abundance of information
1999 Student Learning in the Library: What Library Power Librarians Say. School Libraries Worldwide. 5 (2), 80-96.  Using library for inquiry learning
1999 Accommodating the User's Information Search Process: Challenges for Information Retrieval System Designers. Bulletin of the American Society for Information Science, 25 (3), 12-16.  Implication of ISP for information system design
1999 The Role of Experience in the Information Search Process of an Early Career Information Worker: Perceptions of Uncertainty, Complexity, Construction and Sources. Journal American Society for Information Science, 50 (5), 399-412.  Comparison of novice/expert use of ISP in the workplace
2001 Information Seeking for Learning: A Study of Librarians Perceptions of Learning in School Libraries. New Review of Information Behaviour Research, 2, 31-46.  ISP of students in science projects
With McNally
2001 Information Search Process of Lawyers: A Call For 'Just For Me' Information Services. Journal of Documentation, 57 (1), 31-46.  Evidence of ISP in the workplace and need for creating meaning
With Tama
2001 The Information Search Process (ISP) A Search for Meaning Rather than Answers. Doshisha Journal of Library and Information Science, 1 (6), 31-46.  Uncovers problem of seeking meaning from information
2001 Rethinking Libraries for the Information Age School: Vital Roles in Inquiry Learning. Proceedings of the International Association of School Librarianship Annual Meeting, Auckland, New Zealand.  Consideration of changes in schools to prepare students for ISP in workplace
2004 Meeting the Challenge of Intellectual Access: Vital roles for librarians. Margaret Mann Lecture, School of Information, University of Michigan.  ISP in the context of education and the workplace that indicate new roles for librarians
2006 Information Literacy through Guided Inquiry: Preparing Students for the 21st Century. Proceedings of the International Association of School Librarians Annual Conference, Lisbon, Portugal.  Guided Inquiry for preparing students for information environment


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