Network and Computer System Administrators

Organizations rely on computer networks and computing resources to connect with others both internally and externally. To manage smooth connections in an organization’s networks, we rely on skilled professionals to manage them. These professionals are called Network and Computer System Administrators.

To be a good Network and Computer System Administrators you need to have excellent technical skills especially experience or certification in network and systems administration, as well as knowledge and experience or training with operating systems and server hardware. You also need expert knowledge of computer security and assisting in defining user computing policies. Also requires excellent project management skills. A good knowledge of server hardware is also important.

Education: Usually requires a Bachelor’s Degree in Computer Science and/ or certification in relevant skills and technologies.

Skills: systems administration, network engineering, project management, knowledge of server software.

Average Salary: Average salary for Network Engineers is $34.88/hr  (U.S.)

Outlook: Employment of network and computer systems administrators is projected to grow 12 percent from 2012 to 2022, about as fast as the average for all occupations. Growth will be highest at firms that provide cloud computing technology. Occupational Outlook Handbook, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.

Interviews: Paul Frields, Theo Engelman


Database Administrator

Organizations rely on enterprise databases to contain all of the data that a business creates on a day to day basis. To keep these systems running, they require information professionals to install, manage, troubleshoot and plan upgrades of their systems and plan for future growth. These professionals are called Database Administrators.

To be a good Database Administrator you need to have excellent technical skills especially database administration and server administration. Excellent scripting skills are also important, particularly Powershell, Python and Perl. A good knowledge of network protocols is helpful. Good project management skills are also very important, especially when upgrading systems.

Education: Usually requires a Bachelor’s Degree in Computer Science.

Skills: Database Administration, advanced scripting skills, knowledge of network protocols.

Average Salary: The median annual wage for database administrators was $77,080 in May 2012. (U.S.)

Outlook: Employment of database administrators is projected to grow 15 percent from 2012 to 2022, faster than the average for all occupations. Growth in this occupation will be driven by the increased data needs of companies across the economy. Occupational Outlook Handbook, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.


Web Developer/Webmaster

While there are a number of self-publishing tools that allow anyone with a computer and an internet connection to create a basic website, there is still a demand for expert web development and management. As long as companies want dynamic sites that stand out from the crowd, there will be no shortage of work for web developers. These information professionals need solid programming backgrounds, allowing them to build sites and site components to cater to each client’s unique situation and needs. Webmasters may be charged with maintaining a site over time, adding current content and features, and troubleshooting any problems that arise. They might also provide Search Engine Optimization (SEO) advice and be in charge of any advertisements that the site hosts to generate revenue. Overall, web professionals help ensure their clients’ sites are user-friendly, look nice, and do what they’re supposed to do.

Education: At a minimum an Associate Degree in Web Design or Computer Science, usually at least a Bachelor’s Degree in Computer Science or Information Science.

Skills: Extensive knowledge and experience with web languages, standards and programming frameworks.

Salary: The median annual wage for web developers was $62,500 in May 2012.

Outlook: Employment of web developers is projected to grow 20 percent from 2012 to 2022, faster than the average for all occupations. Demand will be driven by the growing popularity of mobile devices and ecommerce. Occupational Outlook Handbook, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.