This project was initiated by Dr. Robert V. Williams, Distinguished Professor, Emeritus, School of Library and Information Science, University of South Carolina. The project is funded by the Association for Information Science and Technology (ASIS&T), including the Special Interest Group on Foundations and History of Information Science (SIG HFIS), and the University of South Carolina College of Library and Information Science. The objectives of the project are to locate and document the archives and personal papers of individuals and organizations (predominantly in the USA and Canada) considered significant to the history of Information Science and Technology in the 20th century. The site was originally created in 1996 and is updated on a regular basis.

  • Scott Adams

     Under a Senate mandate, Adams (1909-1982) began the translation program of Russian medical journals which evolved into the Federation Proceedings Translation Supplement and specialized abstracting tools. According to Frank Rogers, Adams “was probably the first to see and measure…the changing alignments of scientific fields…shifting to mission-oriented sectors.” At the National Library of Medicine (NLM), he planned […]
  • Burton W. Adkinson

    During the war years, Adkinson (1909-2004) worked as a geographer at the Department of State, the Department of the Interior, and the OSS.  While he was Director of the Reference Department, he established the Division of Science and Technology within the Department, reorganized the Division for the Blind, initiated a research program dealing with “talking […]
  • Howard Hathaway Aiken

    Aiken (1900-1973) is best known for his work on developing an automatic calculating machine.  His early career included a stint at Madison Gas (1923-1928); general engineer at Westinghouse Electrical and Manufacturing Company (1928-1931); and Line Material Company (1931-1932).  After completing his Master’s degree in physics in 1937 and his doctorate in physics in 1939 from […]
  • Andrew Adolphe Aines

    Aines (1913-1996) had an illustrious career in the United States Army and in the field of information science.  He worked as an assistant manager at George James Co. from 1938-1941  before entering the U.S. Army in 1942 as a 2nd Lieutenant.  He retired from the Army in 1967 as a Colonel.  He also served as […]
  • Henriette D. Avram

    A systems analyst hired by the Library of Congress to work on developing the MARC format, Avram (1919-2006) played a key role in this effort.  Lilley-Trice considers her important in the area of information science as it is applied to libraries, and cites her work on MARC I & II, and RECON, as well as […]
  • Thomas Campbell Bagg

    Among other efforts and contributions, Bagg (b.1917) is known for his work on the Rapid Selector project at the National Bureau of Standards.  He also worked as a Laboratory Instructor at the University of Pennsylvania (1939-1941); Junior Physicist, Carnegie Institute, Washington (1941); Physicist, Infrared and Ultraviolet Source Detectors (1952-1956); Systems Engineer and Consultant, High Density Information […]
  • Dale Burdette Baker

    Baker (1920-2005) had an impactful career in chemical information science.  He worked as a chemical supervisor at DuPont (1942-1945); associate editor at Chemical Abstracts Service (CAS) (1946-1957); Director, CAS (1958-1986); Associate Director, CAS (1958); Acting Manager, Columbus, OH office, ACS (1972); Emeritus director, ACS.  Baker was interested in chemical literature, documentation, communication, research development and […]
  • Joseph Becker

    Becker (1923-1995) was considered a networking specialist, whose principal contribution was his work towards a national information network.  Becker designed Library/USA for the 1964 World’s Fair, which included pioneering computer search system demonstrations for the visitor.  From 1966-1969 he served as Vice President and later President of EDUCOM, and co-authored “Information Storage and Retrieval” with […]
  • Lodewyk Bendikson

    Dr. Lodewyk Bendikson (1878-1953) was born in Amsterdam, Holland.  He received his early early training at the Hague and was originally destined for a military career, but was unable to pass the required eye exam at the age of 12.  He later entered medical school and graduated with his M.D. in 1901 from the University […]
  • John Shaw Billings

    Prior to the outbreak of the American Civil War, Billings (1838-1913) worked as a member of the Anatomy Faculty at the Medical College of Ohio from 1860-1861.   He then joined the U.S. Army in in-hospital service as a surgeon and medical statistician from 1862 to 1864.  Billings then took charge of the surgeon-general’s office […]
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