(1916-2001)

Shannon was interested in boolean algebra & switching circuits, communication theory, mathematical cryptography, and computing machines. He worked at: MIT, assistant electrical engineer & mathematician 1936-39; National Defense Research Committee, research mathematician 1940-41; Bell Telephone Labs, research mathematician 1941-57; MIT: Donner professor of science 1958-80; Emeritus Donner professor of science 1980-?.

He has been called “the Father of information theory” (Lilley-Trice). His theory “considered the transmission of information as a statistical phenomenon.” It gave communications engineers a way to determine the capacity of a communication channel. His theory is not “concerned with the content of information or the message itself” and, therefore, some feel should not be called information theory (Farkas-Conn).  See additional biographical information and an assessment of his influence at:

http://cm.bell-labs.com/cm/ms/what/shannonday/work.html

Also, see a detailed page on him in Wikipedia at: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Claude_Shannon

Awards received:

Noble Award (1949)

Morris Liebmann Memorial Award (1949)

Stuart Balletine Award (1955)

Princeton University: Vanuxum Lectr (1958)

University of Schenectady: Steinmetz Lectr (1962)

Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers: Medal of Honor (1966)

National Medal of Science (1966)