(1927-1995)

Salton developed SMART (System for the Mechanical Analysis and Retrieval of Text). From his evaluations/tests of SMART, he formulated general rules for automatic language processing (Bellardo & Bourne). According to Bellardo and Bourne, Salton’s retrieval experiments of the 1980’s “greatly contributed to the knowledge base of computerized information indexing, storage and retrieval.” He advocated system design at the 1965 ADI conference. He was one of the first programmers for the Harvard Mark IV computer and one of the founders of the Cornell University Computer Science Department.

Offices held:

ASIS&T: Board of Directors (late 1980s

Association of Computing Machinery: Council; Transactions Editor-in-Chief; Association of Computing Machinery Journal, Editor-in-Chief

Awards received:

ASIS&T: Best JASIS Paper Award (1970); Outstanding Information Science Book (1975); Award of Merit (1989)

Alexander Humboldt Senior Scientist Award (1988)

Gerard Salton Papers:

Cornell University, Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections, Ithaca, NY (100 cubic feet; Subject files, correspondence, class notebooks, videocassettes, reprints, and other papers and records deriving from Salton’s work in text processing, information retrieval, and computer science. Catalog available online at Cornell University Libraries website)