Dr. Lodewyk Bendikson (1878-1953) was born in Amsterdam, Holland.  He received his early early training at the Hague and was originally destined for a military career, but was unable to pass the required eye exam at the age of 12.  He later entered medical school and graduated with his M.D. in 1901 from the University of Amsterdam.  After traveling to the United States to complete postgraduate work at New York University and Bellevue Hospital Medical College, he worked as a clinical assistant at Bellevue from 1903-1906.  In 1910, Bendikson (1878-1953) joined the staff of the New York Public Library through the influence of John Shaw Billings, and became a cataloger.  In 1916, he joined the staff at Huntington Library (initially located in New York, which moved to San Marino, CA in 1920).  During his 27-year tenure at the Huntington Library, he contributed significantly to reproduction techniques and photographic imaging.  Bendikson later established a photography lab and completed research and publications on photographic techniques in documentation, including microprint (inspiring Fremont Rider), detecting alterations to documents and deciphering of damaged documents.  He was a founding member of the Board of Editors of the Journal of Documentary Reproduction.  He retired in 1943.*

*credit: introductory biographical sketch from the finding aid of Bendikson Papers at Huntington Library.

Lodewyk Bendikson Papers:

Huntington Library and Art Gallery, San Marino, CA (12 boxes of professional papers, 1921-1950; a finding aid is available on Huntington Library’s website)