This project was initiated by Dr. Robert V. Williams, Distinguished Professor, Emeritus, School of Library and Information Science, University of South Carolina. The project is funded by the Association for Information Science and Technology (ASIS&T), including the Special Interest Group on Foundations and History of Information Science (SIG HFIS), and the University of South Carolina College of Library and Information Science. The objectives of the project are to locate and document the archives and personal papers of individuals and organizations (predominantly in the USA and Canada) considered significant to the history of Information Science and Technology in the 20th century. The site was originally created in 1996 and is updated on a regular basis.

  • Marsden S. Blois

    A visionary in health informatics, Blois (1919-1988) brought medicine and information science together.  He wrote Information and Medicine (1984), and taught as Professor of Medical Information Science and Dermatology at UC-San Francisco. He was interested in theories of information as well as the structure of descriptors and information processes.  Blois worked with the National Library of Medicine […]
  • Harold Borko

    Before entering academia, Harold Borko (1922-2012) had a prolific career at the System Development Corporation (SDC).  While at SDC, he “used a time-shared computer connected to teletypewriters and cathode ray tubes for search for and display titles and to compare various indexing methods” (Farkas-Conn).  Borko saw information science as “a true discipline that investigates the […]
  • Charles Percy Bourne

    Bourne’s (b. 1931) professional interests include library analysis, automation and evaluation, natural systems and issues.  Bourne worked as a Research Engineer at Stanford Research Institute (1957-1966); Vice-President, Information General Corporation (1966-1968); President, Bourne & Associates (1968-1971); Professor, University of California, Berkeley, School of Library Science (1971-1977); Head of product development team, DIALOG Information Services, Inc. […]
  • Helen Louise Brownson

    Brownson (b. 1917) began her career as secretary and technical aide to Dr. A.N. Richards, Chairman of the Committee on Medical Research of the World War II Office of Scientific Research and Development, headed by Dr. Vannevar Bush (1942-1946).  During this time she helped disseminate OSRD to science-technology users.  She then moved on to become […]
  • Vannevar Bush

    Bush (1890-1974) was an engineer and inventory whose contributions to engineering and information science were considerable.  His most important contribution is widely considered to be his work as head of the U.S. Office of Scientific Research and Development (OSRD) during World War II.  In addition to crucial work for the Department of Defense and Massachusetts […]
  • Verner Warren Clapp

    Clapp (1901-1972) worked at the Library of Congress for 33 years.  He started the Cooperative Acquisitions program that enabled the Library of Congress to acquire 2 million European publications, and established the Ford Foundation’s Council on Library Resources.  Clapp developed the concept of the machine-readable unit record, which grew into the MARC project.  He was […]
  • Pauline Atherton Cochrane

    Before she became professor at Syracuse, Cochrane (b.1929) was Associate Director of the Documentation Research Project at the American Institute of Physics.  Under her ASIS&T presidency, the organization began a continuing education program and prepared in international information science directory.  Cochrane consulted many organizations; as a UNESCO (UNISIST program) consultant, she prepared guidelines for organizing […]
  • Russell Cleven Coile

    As a student at MIT, Coile (1917-2011) studied under Vannevar Bush, then went on to work for the Carnegie Institute in Washington after college.  After performing radar work during World War II, he consulted for several years, and eventually worked for the Office of Naval Research for 15 years.  His consulting work specialized in disaster […]
  • Evan Jay Crane

    Crane (1889-1966) was the Editor of Chemical Abstracts from 1914-1958, the leading abstract journal in the field of science, largely due to its indexing method.  Crane published numerous articles on abstracting, indexing and documentation activities.  He changed the indexing system of Chemical Abstracts from word indexing to classified subject entry.  He developed a unified system of chemical nomenclature. […]
  • Carlos Albert Cuadra

    As President of Cuadra Associates, Inc., Cuadra (b.1925) has made significant contributions in online retrieval services.  Principal contributions include: proponent of library networks, information networks, personal computers, electronic publishing, founding editor of ARIST, v.1-10.  Cuadra was involved with the development of ORBIT, ORBIT II, and SDC Search Services (ORBIT III). Awards received: ASIS&T: Award of […]
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