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Copyright, Open Licenses, and 21st Century Teaching Learning Environment: The Key Issues to Consider

The learning environment in the 21st Century is being transformed from teacher-centric practices to learner-centric practices.

Learners are supposed to be engaged more now than at any time before. Institutions started to use Learning Management Systems (LMS) and many other media/platforms for sharing resources, engaging the learners, assessing the learners’ performances both in classrooms as well as from distance. As a result, digital resources are becoming more and more popular in teaching-learning practices all over the world.

Therefore, copyright and open licenses have drawn attention while using and sharing digital educational resources. Educational Objectives:
1) To understand about copyright and why does it matter in teaching and research
2) To focus on openness and philosophy behind open licenses and public domain tools
3) To discuss why are copyright and open licenses critical in the 21st-century learning environment.


Professor Mostafa Azad Kamal is presently working at Bangladesh Open University as the Dean of the School of Business. He is a Professor in International and Development Economics. He has been engaged in open and distance learning for the last 22 years.

He is currently working as a member of the International Academic Board for Commonwealth Executive MBA and MPA programs, Commonwealth of Learning, Vancouver, Canada. He is also a part-time consultant of Commonwealth of Learning for TEL, ODL and OER. Professor Mostafa is a Creative Commons (CC) Certified trainer on OER and Open Licences. He is also a Creative Commons Fellow for Open leadership.

Professor Mostafa is the Country Representative for Creative Commons Bangladesh Chapter and the member of the 15-member central Membership Committee of Creative Commons, USA. He is the President of the Centre for Open Knowledge (COK), Bangladesh. Professor Mostafa got experience in coordinating, supporting and evaluating several international and national projects relating to eLearning, OER, ODL and quality assurance in higher education.